|Bakery No. 18. Moscow. At
that time there Yury Ivanovich Kalashnikov worked as the Chief
engineer. We were familiar with it on the 15th bakery. For several
years before, we at that plant established dosing stations. And somehow
once, Yury Ivanovich speaks to me - the plant purchased the Japanese
confectionery device here. On following weeks there will arrive a
Japanese, to turn on this device and to train. Well. The Japanese
arrived, included, told, showed, and left. Technologists wrote down in
a notebook of his word, and began to purchase the additional equipment
without which this device doesn't work. To include, show, to manually
knead a little dough - it is possible. And on production a cycle it is
necessary to leave the equipment.
There was 1998. May. Here as that Yury Ivanovich appeals to me, I
wouldn't help with the new device. Something is impossible to employees
of bakery. And the device was the RHEON KN 400 models.
Took the description, studied. Began to work with technologists
gradually. Also it began to turn out. Cookies with stuffing.
Cookies turned out in the form of a dome and called it "droplet". A lot
of time had to be spent on technology. It turns out, it is impossible.
I in poshnik was given two Peteueshek. Not, Vocational students. Or how
correctly in Russian? Well than two young girls. I speak to them -
until I come to the shop, don't knead dough. As that I come - and dough
is already mixed. Those cookies smooth, next day not smooth. I will
long not part - and at girls the working day began at 7:00, and I came
by 9:00. Well young people, appetite, and a part of eggs which it is
necessary on a compounding were fried in FTL-2 oven early in the
morning. By the way, absolutely widespread practice on bakeries. And in
tunnel oven it becomes so. The baking sheet with high boards
undertakes, water is poured in it, in water 2 - 3 tens eggs are put -
for free and put on a hearth grid. In half an hour, the baking sheet
creeps out of the oven with eggs, ready to the use. Great!
|Somehow on a
bread-baking complex of "PEKO", at the beginning of 2000, I showed
production of the Russian bread to Professor from Indiana Ronald
Feldstein. Photo on the right. He is professor of linguistics, but in
technology of bread, confectionaries rummaged perfectly. We come into
the shop of oriental sweets - it right there looks at a product and
speaks - kurabie. And right there tells features of technology. Well
and so, we go down on the first floor where a tunnel oven in which roll
with poppy, well and any small things is baked. We stand at a oven
exit, we look as there are rolls. And here rolls come to an end, and
from an oven there are two trays with eggs in the boiling water. Ronald
with astonishment: - "And it that for technological process?" - I laugh
- and I tell it; "Bakers - very much want to eat".
Having followed the link http://www.indiana.edu/~pollang/papers.htm
you can read Ronald Feldstein's works about Russian. However, in
|I was taken on the
18th bakery with the device RHEON KN 400 several months, have well
studied, did some completions. Has generally gained good experience.
The photoreport on this period is laid out on the separate page.
|Autumn came. The
companion who sold RHEON KN 400 on the 18th bakery Sergey Ivanovich,
asked to help their firm with this device on the Kolomna milk
recombining plant where this device was planned to be used for
production of glazed cheese curds with a stuffing. Several times I came
to this plant. Well I remember - when made the first batch of cake
glazed cheese curds on the device RHEON KN 400, it were glazed cheese
curds of magnificent quality from natural raw materials. But it was
long ago. Truth!
|And the next year,
is closer again to fall, Sergey Ivanovich, calls, and offers work on
start of the line of glazed cheese curds, but only as the shaper other
Rheon, less, Rheon KN 170 model will be used.
|Autumn came. The
equipment purchased: the glazirovochny line of KIST from Dresden - very
reliable equipment, the device Rheon KN 170, the packer of Hemosvit
from Slovakia. Jan Kostrosh then was their representative in Moscow.
|And, has forgotten
to tell that it was at the Kaluga dairy plant. In the city of Kaluga.
The equipment was placed in the cottage cheese shop where it was quite
cool. The plant then was any well-groomed. As that was necessary to
stay overnight, the line round the clock worked. Was arranged to sleep
on chairs, in laboratory. Has shifted in a row, and has taken a nap.
Has woken up from some noise. Yo-mine - and on a floor fat rats ran. I
when began to get up - they have run up. Something farther there was no
wish to sleep and I have gone to the shop.
|At this plant I
started the first line of production of cake glazed cheese curds. As it
occurred. At first made several trial releases of glazed cheese curds,
with a break in several days. Then after execution of all documents and
receipt of a packaging film got to daily work. The working day began
with instructing which I carried out in laboratory. All crew gathered.
I told who that I as shall do. Once again spoke about curd cake weight
without glaze and in glaze who where costs. Minutes 20 occupied
instructing. Well almost like on occupations in technical school. My
experience of pedagogical activities in the Moscow hydrometeorological
technical school very much was useful to me when training staff of Milk
recombining plant of a new labor activity. After instructing
completion, I announced the 15th minute break, and after a break all
got up on the workplaces. "Went!" also began to work.
|Kaluga dairy plant.
Photo of employees and technological process.
|And in technical
school I taught the subject "Meteorological Radar Stations" (in use at
students briefly hereinafter was referred to as "Stations") -
practically the same as the extrusive device Rheon KN 170, of course
the Japanese device will be simpler. But same all nodes. In system of
the drive of the antenna magnetic amplifiers who managed rotation of
electric motors of the drive of the antenna, and in the extrusive
device for control of engines of giving of a stuffing - frequency
converters were used. I always spoke to the students - will know
stations - will cope with any equipment. And here somehow was in a
business trip in Leningrad, and at the Moscow station there is a
bookstore where old books, at very modest price are on sale. I come
into this shop before withdrawal of the train, before departure still
was hour one and a half, and I look - the book on that radar station
which I studied in stay by the student of the Moscow meteorological
technical school lies, and then being a teacher of the same technical
school, taught pupils the same Radar station. The price is 50 rubles.
Of course took. For memory. As there - the Alma Mater! And here somehow
looked for something on the Internet, and came across a management of
the American Radar station in the most excellent Russian, release of
1943 which was delivered during the Great Patriotic War in the USSR. It
is already similar to those stations that I taught in technical school.
Something aside I deviated from a subject of cake glazed cheese curds.
|Here at the Kaluga
dairy plant I was also engaged in modernization of the device Rheon KN
170, for the purpose of increase in speed of production of curd cakes.
|The matter is that
the device Rheon KN 40 performance had 60 curd cakes weighing 400 grams
a minute, and at the device Rheon KN 170 only of 30 glazed cheese curds
a minute. It is final insufficiently. And curd cakes went on sale well.
They were called "Rainbow". As a matter of fact, production on the
Kaluga milk recombining plant inspire former employees of the Kolomna
milk recombining plant. These workers looked that this case profitable,
reliable, especially they were engaged on the Kolomna milk recombining
plant in implementation of cake glazed cheese curds. In general so
traditional way - is called "budding". People clever in business, hire
the engineer and the technologist, buy the equipment - and begin to
make products. And in a case with the Kaluga milk recombining plant.
Normal you razvit the industries.
|So I spoke about
productivity there. By November 7, you remember there was such holiday
"Day of the Great October Revolution", and in literature of the 20th
years this action modestly was called as the October Revolution, way of
small alterations in the scheme of management and reprogramming of
electronics I have achieved increase in productivity of the device
RHEON KN 170 up to 45 glazed cheese curds in a minute.
Sergey Skorokhodov and Pavel Bulgakov, heads of Molokoinvest happy
rubbed hands. After small calculations in the head they ask me - and it
is possible more? It is possible. I have made the small scheme of
management, have put in the red case from under the radiometer from
from Institute of the Nondestructive testing. Has fastened an
insulating tape to the control panel. Has included - productivity
became 60 curd cakes a minute. Pavel with Sergey ask - and it is
possible more? It is possible, but it is necessary to buy two details.
|Two details are a
new frequency pereobrazovatel and the new motor - a reducer. It was
necessary to strengthen the new motor reducer still. At first, for an
experiment, I have used a regular flange. But he was too weak. At the
aircraft repair plant to me have made a new flange of a stainless
steel. It was necessary to drill only in the place openings in the
right places. At the plant there was a small mechanical shop and the
chief mechanical engineer. Has forgotten as he was called. Peculiar
companion. It then.
|And that day it was
necessary to drill a stainless steel. The drill was greased with fat
which the chief mechanical engineer had on having a snack. At last
something by the detachable machine was undercut, something on the
lathe was removed. Delivered on Rheon, strengthened the engine and
drove. 90 pieces a minute. Process went as our First President used to
interruptions but the line has earned. Packer of BH-4 of firm of
Hemosvit. Men from Slovakia several times came. Frantisek and Zdenek.
There is their photo. To our padded jackets they have got used by then.
On a photo the moment of a call to Slovakia is imprinted. Some problems
with our packer:
|Only began to make
curd cakes for delivery to retail chain stores as the fax from the
Northern Milk company in which it is said that the patent for curd
cakes with a stuffing belongs to "Northern milk" comes to office, and
"Northern milk" requires immediately to stop production. But owners of
Molokoinvest, took out the patent for curd cakes with a stuffing too in
advance. So in the response fax number of the patent was specified to
"Northern milk". In general about patents it is possible to write the
whole novel. In the mid-nineties, when I worked at Bakery No. 6, the
cost of the patent was 600 - 800 dollars. You pay this amount to the
corresponding patent agent - and the patent at you in a pocket. I with
these patents had a funny situation. In the early nineties, when I
worked at Bakery No. 12, I implemented the dosing station where as the
dosing element the turbine sensor of an expense was used in production.
No novelty in it existed. Routine engineering work. Then I passed to
Bakery No. 6, and there also according to my offer almost just the same
dosing station was made. Employees of Bakery No. 12 Shestakov,
Zelensky, Averyanov arranged to themselves the patent for the dosing
station, well and as usual there didn't include this author. And on
Bakery No. 6 too the Chief Engineer Orlov and Lapin took out the patent
for just the same station.And there comes to Bakery No. 6 to the
Management companion V. Zelensky. Conversation on dosing stations. A
door in Lapin's office (it was our head, it was open - all conversation
took place in open. Lapin asks V. Zelensky - "And you have a patent?"
And Zelensky in reply "And at you?" And both pull out the patents for
the same technical solution which are taken out in not really correct
way (well any technical novelty) - and the actual author sits at a
table in the neighboring room. And for what only money spent. Let's
return to cake glazed cheese curds, to patents. In met the earliest
description of curd cakes with a stuffing in books on technology of the
end of the 1930th years. 2001 - 1937 = 63 years ago. And as it is
possible to take out at the same time the patent when everything is in
detail described even before war. Yes, then the primitive equipment was
used, but the result was same. there also according to my offer almost
just the same dosing station was made. Employees of Bakery No. 12
Shestakov, Zelensky, Averyanov arranged to themselves the patent for
the dosing station, well and as usual there didn't include this author.
And on Bakery No. 6 too the Chief Engineer Orlov and Lapin took out the
patent for just the same station.
|Хлебозавод № 12
|Хлебозавод № 6
closer to spring at owners of the line disagreements with owners of the
plant have begun, and the decision to move the line on other dairy
plant has been made. The Medynsky dairy plant, namely his cheese shop
in the settlement of Kremenskoye was this plant.
For a start I have visited the cheese shop in Kremenskom for survey.
Well and to solve where we will put the equipment.
|There was a
beginning of summer. Or end of May. Weather stood magnificent. Places
in the Kaluga region beautiful. The road from Moscow to Medyn across
the territory of the Kaluga region picturesque. Especially if to go
through Borovsk. From Borovsk to Kremenska Road runs through the forest
area of hunting big economy.
Arrived to the Shop. It am presented to the foreman, I get acquainted.
Of course a meeting for the foreman not in joy. That he was in this
cheese shop an absolute master, and now there will be some people and
it is unknown, what will be farther. The cheese shop in Kremensk of the
Medynsky milk plant was built long ago. About 50 years ago likely. When
we established the line for production of glazed cheese curds there, it
was 2000, in the cheese shop brine cheese the Bukovina, processed
smoked cheese, suluguni cheese, well and so still something on a trifle
Сыр плавает в рассоле. Солевом.
|Went to look on the
shop. At this time there arrived the milk lorry for milk delivery. I
stand at receiving scales. Receiving scales are the reservoir on 500
liters suspended on the weight mechanism. As soon as in it the pump
from the milk lorry repumps 500 liters, the pump is switched off and
milk merges in the big tank placed under scales. And then in weight
reservoir from the milk lorry 500 liters are again repumped. But in
this shop acceptance was performed with some features. The shop manager
stood at the milk lorry, at the button of turning on of the pump, and
the acceptance inspector at scales. Here scales were completely filled
with milk. Milk begins to flow too much weight reservoir. Also
continues to flow. The decent amount of excess milk flowed in a big
tank. Then the acceptance inspector does a sign by a hand, and the shop
manager switches off the pump. Milk from weight reservoir merges in a
big tank and process repeats. Thus according to documents one amount of
the accepted milk is put, and actually the shop accepted other, bigger
amount of milk. From a difference it is already possible to make
additional unaccounted products. Why that time they so accepted milk in
case of my presence - thought I don't understand? I don't know.
Interestingly - and how the delta shared? (The delta - unaccounted
|Not to confuse to
Delta aviation company. By the way, my favourite aviation company.
Somehow we flew with the wife from Honolulu to Tokyo flight of Delta
airline. Flight went hour three. Carried drinks (wine red, white), to
once again, passing by us, the stewardess obviously paid attention to
unclear language on which we talked. She asked from where we. I speak -
"Moscow". In reply the finest smile, and following words: "5 years ago
my friend the Frenchwoman was in Moscow. So there it was pleasant to
it" - And here that opinion of the Frenchwoman affected us as the most
excellent servicing. And at the Tokyo airport when arranged landing to
flight of Tokyo - Honolulu serving Delta airlines though we fly economy
class met without reaching a front desk yet, helped to put suitcases on
scales. Very good company. And wine in the house-keeper a class in
principle how many you want also high-quality. And food decent. I
somehow this company flew along a route Moscow - New York-Atlanta -
Santiago-de-Chile. The plane from New York to Atlanta was late. And I
on change to Atlanta had only 20 minutes, and that not less my suitcase
departed from Atlanta to Chile with me. So not just like that I told
all this about Delty. I flew to Chile this DELTA concerning curd
Первый обед на рейсе Гонолулу - Токио:
|And again we in the
Kaluga region. Kremensk. Inspected the shop. It is necessary to remove
one cheese bathtub and to take out it from the shop. And on its place
to put the line of production of glazed cheese curds. Of course the
Shop manager is dissatisfied. But it in this case not the owner of this
shop. Here on the place of this cheese bathtub also delivered the
|Через несколько дней
вызвал из Калуги бригаду монтажников с краном, и за пол-дня в цеху была
освобождена территория под сырковую линию. Начали монтаж. Первым делом
надо было перевезти все оборудование из Калуги в Медынь. Накануне весь
день грузили все что входило в состав линии в большую фуру. А брахла
набралось много, да еще и охладитель Митрофанова сюда. В конце дня
подписывать документы на вывоз завтра утром с территории нашего
оборудования. Спрашиваю у зам директора - все подписано? Завтра рано
утром часов в 6 - 7 утра охрана выпустит машину с территории без
проблем? Отвечает - выпустит. Но на следующий день водителю пришлось
ждать прихода начальника охраны. А как все начиналось благостно.
|Монтаж линии свелся
к прокладке электрических кабелей, установке бака для топки глазури,
прокладки труб с водой, ну и еще каких-то мелочей.
|И вот в конце
августа линия заработала. Тем временем была заказана новая этикетка с
новыми реквизитами. Хотя на складе оставалась еще этикетка и
предыдущего, Калужского молочного завода.
|About this time, I
started the device Rheon KN 170 on a bread-baking complex "Serebryanny
Bohr" that in Moscow. Here the task was - to increase productivity of
this device twice. Production - gingerbreads with stuffing. The device
was fixed on production of pseudo-scalded gingerbreads at once, and
here with baking of gingerbreads it was necessary to spend a lot of
time. On Serebryannн Bohr for baking of gingerbreads with stuffing the
tunnel gas furnace with direct heating was used. And gingerbreads
turned out such that they left stuffing from above, from below. And the
first party after several weeks, stuffing grew mouldy. Nearly 2 months
left on working off of technology. We read the separate page Пряник с начинкой.
Without moving away from a subject of gingerbreads - the following trip
on start of Rheon KN 170 took place to the city of Sheksna, the Vologda
region. There the same the device Rheon KN 170 for production of
gingerbreads with stuffing was installed. Arrived with the workmate
Sergey, cooked sugar syrup on the gas stove, kneaded gingerbread dough,
showed where what to put. The town in which the shop to us something
was located didn't lay down on soul, and took the train in the evening
- and to Moscow.
|It is necessary to
notice that the devices Rheon KN 170 were at that time delivered to
Russia in absolutely different ways. Not only through official dealers,
but also directly through Poland, Bulgaria, and sometimes and directly
from the USA. From the USA the devices Rheon KN 170 went on voltage of
220 Volts 3 phases. As that me was asked to start such device. But
haven't told that he from the USA. Well has as usual arrived to Bakery.
Business was on one of bakeries of kilometers for 300 from Moscow. Have
unpacked the device, have established into place. The electrician was
given a task to bring 380 Volts, three phases. I tell mechanics as the
device is arranged. The mechanic has got competent. He was interested
in the equipment. I have removed a back cover, have begun to tell
purpose of various engines. In the course of an explanation I speak -
and inside, behind an electric case there is a three-phase transformer
from 380 Volts in 220 Volts. Also I put a hand there. And there is no
transformer. My Yo-. It was necessary to resolve urgently an issue with
the transformer. Then has already looked at the plate with
characteristics - there it has been written about 220 Volts. So first
of all it is necessary to watch at the plate that it is fastened in the
lower part of Rheon KN 170. And sellers of the equipment should be more
|On the description
of work in the Molokoinvest company I finish chapter 2 in which the
short description was this as I was engaged in servicing of the
extrusive devices Rheon KN 170.
photo of staff of the Molokoinvest company.
|The following chapter No. 3 is devoted to
production of cake glazed cheese curds on Dmitrovsky milk recombining
plant. Chapter is called: "Curd cakes. Reon, Dmitrov".
|E- mail автора